Mark Jason A. Olivar1 & Genesis B. Naparan2
1Teacher-I, Department of Education, Philippines
2Teacher-I, Department of Education, Philippines
Abstract: Parental involvement has long been an area of research across the world and is consistently found to have a positive effect on students’ academic performance. The global spread of COVID-19 pandemic, however, has caused disruptions in education systems worldwide including the Philippines, therefore, online education was implemented. During online distance learning, parents’ role in supervising their children’s education was reinforced and appeared to be crucial for some parents. The study used a sample of 49 parents of Grade 12 students at Lala National High School for the academic year 2022-2023. Results indicate a high level of parental involvement in terms of parenting, learning at home, decision making and familiarity with school information. The respondents also showed an outstanding performance during the course of the utilization of the online learning modalities. The study therefore concluded a positive correlation between parental involvement and the academic performance of students.
Keywords: Parent Involvement, Academic Performance, Online Learning, COVID-19
Published: March 7, 2023
Alharthi, M. (2022). Parental Involvement in Children’s Online Education During COVID-19; A Phenomenological Study in Saudi Arabia. Early Childhood Educ J. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10643-021-01286-y
Anthony, C. J. & Ogg, J. (2019). Parent involvement, approaches to learning, and student achievement: Examining longitudinal mediation. American Psychological Association, 34(4), https://doi.org10.1037/spq0000282
Bhamani, S., Makhdoom, A., Bharuchi, V., Ali, N., Kaleem, S., & Ahmed, D. (2020).Home Learning in Times of COVID: Experiences of Parents. Journal of Education and Educational Development. https://doi.org/10.22555/joeed.v7i1.3260
Cahapay, M. B. (2021). Involvement of Parents in Remote Learning of Children amid COVID-19 Crisis in the Philippines: A Transcendental Phenomenology. International Journal of Sociology of Education, 10(2), 171-192. http://doi.org/10.17583/rise.2021.7317
Capacio, L. J. A., Celesio, G. A., & Naparan, G. B. (2021). Teachers’ experiences in online teaching and learning modality. EduLine: Journal of Education and Learning Innovation, 1(1), 59-75. https://doi.org/10.35877/454RI.eduline399
Carpenter, D. & Dunn, J. (2021). We’re All Teachers Now: Remote Learning During COVID-19. Journal of School Choice, 14(4), 567–594. https://doi.org/10.1080/15582159.2020.1822727
Datu, O.C. & Episcope, E.F. (2021). Involvement of Filipino Parents in the Educational Process under the New Normal. Journal of Advanced Studies. https://psurj.org/psurj/online/index.php/jas/article/view/154
Dong, C., Cao, S., & Li, H. (2020). Young children’s online learning during COVID-19 pandemic: Chinese parents’ beliefs and attitudes. Children and youth services review, 118, 105440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105440
Durisic, M., & Bunijevac, M. (2017). Parental Involvement as an Important Factor for Successful Education. https://soeonline.american.edu/blog/parent-teacher-communication/
Eguico, I. E., Quinco-Cadosales, M. N., Caseros, W. M., Concha, A. D. C. T., & Omamalin, V. S. (2022). Parents’ views as co-teachers in homeschooling during the Covid-19 pandemic. Jilin Daxue Xuebao (Gongxueban)/Journal of Jilin University (Engineering and Technology Edition), 41 (7), 330-342. DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/BJ4QK
Erdem, C. & Kaya, M. (2020). A meta-analysis of the effect of parental involvement on students’ academic achievement. Journal of Learning for Development, 7(3), 367-383.
Garbacz, S. A., Herman, K. C., Thompson, A. M., and Reinke, W. M. (2017). Family engagement in education and intervention: implementation and evaluation to maximize family, school, and student outcomes. J. Sch. Psychol. 62, 1–10. https://doi.org.10.1016/j.jsp.2017.04.002
Hamdan, K., & Amorri, A. (2022). The Impact of Online Learning Strategies on Students’ Academic Performance. In E-Learning and Digital Education in the Twenty-First Century. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.94425
Kong, Q. (2020). Practical Exploration of Home Study Guidance for Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of Hangzhou Liuxia Elementary School in Zhejiang Province, China. Sci. Insigt Edu. Front. 5, 557–561.
Lara, L. & Saracostti, M. (2019) Effect of Parental Involvement on Children’s Academic Achievement in Chile. Front. Psychol. 10:1464.https://doi.org.10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01464
Lee, P. I., Hu, Y. L., Chen, P. Y., Huang, Y. C., & Hsueh, P. R. (2020). Are children less susceptible to COVID-19?. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, 53(3), 371.
Macasling, M. C., Luar, V. G., Alap, M. M., Cabalse, M. G., Tantog, A. J., & Alayon, M. F. (2023). Exploring the Interest of Bachelor of Physical Education Students in Online Learning: A Case Study. Canadian Journal of Educational and Social Studies, 3(1), 163-175. DOI: 10.53103/cjess.v3i1.125
Montemayor, T. (2020). Education Goes on Amid Covid-19 thru DepEd’s Continuity Plan. Philippine News Agency. Retrieved June 14, 2022 from https://www.pna.gov.ph/articles/1126058
Naite, I. (2021). Impact of Parental Involvement on Children’s Academic Performance at Crescent International School, Bangkok, Thailand. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 690 012064.
Newman, N., Northcutt, A., Farmer, A., & Black, B. (2019). Epstein’s model of parental involvement: Parent perceptions in urban schools. Language Teaching and Educational Research (LATER), 2(2), 81-100. https://doi.org/10.35207/later.559732
Oswald, D. P., Zaidi, H. B., Cheatham, D. S., & Brody, K. G. D. (2018). Correlates of parental involvement in students’ learning: Examination of a national data set. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 27(1), 316-323. https://doi.org.10.1007/s10826-017-0876-4
Ozmen, F., Akuzum, C., Zincirli, M., & Selcuk, G. (2016). The communication barriers between teachers and parents in primary schools. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 16(66), 27-46.
Pek, S.P. & Mee Mee, R.W. (2020). Parental Involvement on Child’s Education at Home During School Lockdown. Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 4(2). https://doi.org.10.33751/jhss.v4i2.2502.
Pimentel-Tibon, J.A. (2020). The New Normal in Basic Education. https://accralaw.com/2020/10/20/the-new-normal-in-basic-education/
Polit, D. & Beck, T. (2012). Nursing research: generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice (9th ed). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Ramirez, M., Naparan, J., & Naparan, G. (2022). Guiding children though Self-Learning Modules (SLM): Exploring parents’ experiences. The Normal Lights, 16(1), 1-30.
Roy, M. & Giraldo-García, R. (2018). The Role of Parental Involvement and Social/Emotional Skills in Academic Achievement: Global perspectives. School Community Journal, 28(2), 29-46.
Ross, T. (2016). The Differential Effects of Parental Involvement on High School Completion and Post Secondary Attendance. Educ. Policy Anal. Arch. 24, 1–38. doi: 10.14507/epaa.v24.2030
Sari, D. K., & Maningtyas, R. T. (2020, November). Parents’ involvement in distance learning during the covid-19 pandemic. In 2nd Early Childhood and Primary Childhood Education (ECPE 2020) (pp. 94-97). Atlantis Press.
Sebastian, J., Moon, J.-M., and Cunningham, M. (2017). The Relationship of school-based parental involvement with student achievement: a comparison of principal and parent survey reports from PISA 2012. Educ. Stud. 43, 123–146. https://doi.org.10.1080/03055698.2016.1248900
Shao, M., He, W., Zhao, L. & Su, Y-S. (2022) The Influence of Parental Involvement on Parent Satisfaction: The Moderating Effect of Parental Educational Level and the Number of Children. Front. Psychol. 12:752802. https://doi.org.10.3389/fpsyg.2021.752802
Sheldon, S. (n.d). Parental Involvement in Education Research on Parental Involvement, Effects on Parental Involvement, Obstacles to Parental Involvement, Controversies, Current Issues.
Smokoska, L. (2020). An Investigation of Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement in Middle School. Eastern Illinois University Masters Theses. 4786.
Tarraga, V., García, B., and Reyes, J. (2017). Home-based family involvement and academic achievement: a case study in primary education. Educ. Stud. 44, 361–375. https://doi.org.10.1080/03055698.2017.1373636
Tus, J. (2021). Amidst the Online Learning in the Philippines: The Parental Involvement and Its Relationship to the Student’s Academic Performance. https://doi.org.10.6084/m9.figshare.14776347.v1.
Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., McIntyre, R. S., … & Ho, C. (2020). A longitudinal study on the mental health of general population during the COVID-19 epidemic in China. Brain, behavior, and immunity, 87, 40-48.
International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies
ISSN 2520-0968 (Online), ISSN 2409-1294 (Print), March 2023, Vol.10, No.2