Jean-Francois Trani1 & Alex L. Greenfeld2 & Parul Bakhshi3 & Ian Kaplan4 & Parween Azimi5 & Meena Safi6 & Munib Sohail7 & Ganesh M. Babulal8
1Brown School of Social Work, Public Health, and Social Policy, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, USA
2Brown School of Social Work, Public Health, and Social Policy, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, USA
3Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, USA
4Norwegian Afghanistan Committee, Kabul, Afghanistan
5Norwegian Afghanistan Committee, Kabul, Afghanistan
6Norwegian Afghanistan Committee, Kabul, Afghanistan
7National Rural Support Program, Jinnah Avenue, Blue Area, Islamabad, Pakistan
8Department of Neurology and Knight Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, USA
Abstract: Life skills, also known as psychosocial and non-cognitive skills, are critical to children’s development and well-being as they progress through early life courses but difficult to measure. The present study aims at validating a culturally adapted version of the Multidimensional Scale of Life Skills in Late Childhood in the context of primary school of rural Afghanistan and Pakistan. The instrument was face validated by six of the authors. The scale was found accessible to students’ grades three to five despite its original target of late childhood. Content validation was also carried out by the authors to evaluate the representativeness of the scale items for the various dimensions of life skills. The items were found relevant for the seven dimensions of life skills considered. The scale also showed overall good internal consistency, acceptable test retest and inter rate consistence and high responsiveness. Exploratory factorial analysis showed that 4 and 3 factors explained 40% and 37% of the total variance respectively in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Keywords: Afghanistan, Children Life Skills, Cultural Adaptation, Pakistan, Psychometric Properties, Scale Validation
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International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies
ISSN 2520-0968 (Online), ISSN 2409-1294 (Print), March 2021, Vol.8, No.1
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