Mussa Saidi Abubakari1 & Priyanto 2
1Electronics & Informatics Engineering Education Department, Faculty of Engineering, Postgraduate School, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia
2Electronics & Informatics Engineering Education Department, Faculty of Engineering, Postgraduate School, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia
Abstract: This study was intended to model information and communication technology (ICT) acceptance in Tanzanian madrasas based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model and extend it with two constructs: religious perspective and personal innovativeness. That is because there is a scarcity of studies investigating ICT acceptance in the madrasa education context. The study is a quantitative, and a survey questionnaire was distributed through google form to collect primary data. The study involved both teachers and students, with a sample of 215 respondents obtained using the snowball sampling technique. Data analysis used Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) technique. The findings indicate that religious perspective (T=3.636; P<0.001), social influence (T=2.818; P<0.01), and personal innovativeness (T=3.301; P<0.01) are the only significant variables that determined the behaviour intention of individuals to use ICT. Also, the significant factors influencing madrasa individuals to the actual use of ICT facilities are behavioural intention (T=3.649; P<0.01) and religious perspective (T=2.428; P<0.05). Except for the social influence variable, other variables of the UTAUT model were found insignificant to influence the intention of individuals to use ICT in Islamic studies. Finally, recommendations and study limitations are also discussed.
Keywords: ICT, Islamic Education, Madrasa, UTAUT, Tanzania, Technology Acceptance
Published: September 23, 2021
Abbas, T. (2017). Traditional and Modern Muslim Education at the Core and Periphery: Enduring Challenge. In H. Daun & R. Arjmand (Eds.), Handbook of Islamic Education (pp. 1–12). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53620-0_13-1
Agarwal, R., & Prasad, J. (1998). A Conceptual and Operational Definition of Personal Innovativeness in the Domain of Information Technology. Information Systems Research, 9(2), 204–215. https://doi.org/10.1287/isre.9.2.204
Al-Attas, S. M. N. (2007). Knowledge and Education in Islam. Secularism And Spirituality: Seeking Integrated Knowledge And Success in Madrasah Education in Singapore, 166–179.
Al Harbi, H. E. (2014). Towards Successful Implementation Of ICT In Education. The 2014 WEI International Academic Conference Proceedings, 33–45.
Alam, S. S., Mohd, R., & Hisham, B. (2011). Is religiosity an important determinant on Muslim consumer behaviour in Malaysia? Journal of Islamic Marketing, 2(1), 83–96. https://doi.org/10.1108/17590831111115268
Arjmand, R. (2017). Islam and Education in the Modern Era: Social, Cultural, Political Changes and Responses from Islamic Education. In Handbook of Islamic Education (pp. 1–17). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53620-0_12-1
Arjmand, R., Mirsafa, M., & Talebi, Z. (2018). Islamic Educational Spaces: Architecture of Madrasah and Muslim Educational Institutions. In Handbook of Islamic Education (pp. 469–510). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64683-1_54
Asare, A., Yun-Fei, S., & Adjei-Budu, K. (2016). Adoption of e-learning in higher education: expansion of UTAUT model. European Academic Research, 3(12), 13236–13259.
Ateeq-ur-Rehman, & Shabbir, M. S. (2010). The relationship between religiosity and new product adoption. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 1(1), 63–69. https://doi.org/10.1108/17590831011026231
Aziz, N. S., & Ismail, A. S. (2018). The Role of Traditional Madrasa Design in Transforming Islamic Education Towards the Development of Societal Communal Values. Advanced Science Letters, 24(6), 4528–4532. https://doi.org/10.1166/asl.2018.11645
Azra, A. (2019). Pendidikan Islam: Tradisi dan Modernisasi di tengah Tantangan Milenium III. Kencana kerja sama dengan UIN Jakarta Press. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=TTvNDwAAQBAJ
Baiza, Y. (2014). Madrasa Education Reform in Afghanistan, 2002-13 : A Critique. In C. Tan (Ed.), Reforms in Islamic Education : International Perspectives (1st ed., pp. 77–96). Bloomsbury Academic. http://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/reforms-in-islamic-education-international-perspectives/ch4-madrasa-education-reform-in-afghanistan-2002-13/
Baiza, Y. (2018). Islamic Education and Development of Educational Traditions and Institutions. In Handbook of Islamic Education (pp. 77–97). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64683-1_7
Bano, M. (2010). Madrasas as partners in education provision: the South Asian experience . Development in Practice, 20(4–5), 554–566. https://doi.org/10.1080/09614521003763129
Basheer, K. M. (2013). FUTURE OF INDIAN MADRASAH EDUCATION IN THE GLOBALIZED WORLD. Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies, 2, 95–104.
Compeau, D., Higgins, C. A., & Huff, S. (1999). Social cognitive theory and individual reactions to computing technology: A longitudinal study. MIS Quarterly: Management Information Systems, 23(2), 145–158. https://doi.org/10.2307/249749
Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, 16(3), 297–334. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02310555
Daun, H., & Arjmand, R. (2018a). Handbook of Islamic Education (H. Daun & R. Arjmand (eds.); Vol. 7). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64683-1
Daun, H., & Arjmand, R. (2018b). Islam, Globalizations, and Education. In Handbook of Islamic Education (pp. 333–355). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64683-1_23
Davis, F. D. (1989). Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology. MIS Quarterly, 13(3), 319–340. https://doi.org/10.2307/249008
Davis, F. D., Bagozzi, R. P., & Warshaw, P. R. (1992). Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation to Use Computers in the Workplace. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22(14), 1111–1132. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1992.tb00945.x
Dwivedi, Y. K., Rana, N. P., Jeyaraj, A., Clement, M., & Williams, M. D. (2019). Re-examining the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT): Towards a Revised Theoretical Model. Information Systems Frontiers, 21(3), 719–734. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10796-017-9774-y
Dwivedi, Y. K., Rana, N. P., Tamilmani, K., & Raman, R. (2020). A meta-analysis based modified unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (meta-UTAUT): a review of emerging literature. Current Opinion in Psychology, 36, 13–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.03.008
Eid, R., & El-Gohary, H. (2015). The role of Islamic religiosity on the relationship between perceived value and tourist satisfaction. Tourism Management, 46, 477–488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2014.08.003
El-Gohary, H., & Eid, R. (2013). Leadership teaching impact on tourism students’ attitudes and perceptions toward leadership in developing economies: The case of egypt. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Education, 25(4), 180–192. https://doi.org/10.1080/10963758.2013.850297
Farooq, M. S., Salam, M., Jaafar, N., Fayolle, A., Ayupp, K., Radovic-Markovic, M., & Sajid, A. (2017). Acceptance and use of lecture capture system (LCS) in executive business studies. Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 14(4), 329–348. https://doi.org/10.1108/ITSE-06-2016-0015
Fleischmann, K. R., & Srikantaiah, T. (2011). SWOT analysis of mobile phones in four countries: Comparing India, Ethiopia, Kuwait, and the United States. Proceedings of the ASIST Annual Meeting, 48. https://doi.org/10.1002/meet.2011.14504801310
Gbongli, K., Xu, Y., & Amedjonekou, K. M. (2019). Extended technology acceptance model to predict mobile-based money acceptance and sustainability: A multi-analytical structural equation modeling and neural network approach. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(13), 1–33. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11133639
Goldsmith, R. E. (2001). Using the domain specific innovativeness scale to identify innovative Internet consumers. Internet Research, 11(2), 149–158. https://doi.org/10.1108/10662240110695098
Goldsmith, R. E. (2002). Explaining and Predicting Consumer Intention to Purchase Over the Internet: An Exploratory Study. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 10(2), 22–28. https://doi.org/10.1080/10696679.2002.11501913
Gunasinghe, A., Hamid, J. A., Khatibi, A., & Azam, S. M. F. (2018). Does the lecturer’s innovativeness drive VLE adoption in higher education institutes? (A study based on extended UTAUT). Journal of Information Technology Management, 10(3), 20–42. https://doi.org/10.22059/JITM.2019.285648.2382
Hair, J. F., Risher, J. J., Sarstedt, M., & Ringle, C. M. (2019). When to use and how to report the results of PLS-SEM. European Business Review, 31(1), 2–24. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBR-11-2018-0203
Hair Jr, J., Hult, G. T., Ringle, C., & Sarstedt, M. (2017). A Primer on Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) – Joseph F. Hair, Jr., G. Tomas M. Hult, Christian Ringle, Marko Sarstedt. In Sage.
Handoko, B. L. (2019). Application of UTAUT theory in higher education online learning. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 259–264. https://doi.org/10.1145/3345035.3345047
Hasif, M., & Ahmad, K. (2019). Factors Affecting the Acceptance of Financial Technology among Asnaf for the Distribution of Zakat in Selangor – A Study Using UTAUT. Journal of Islamic Finance, 8, 035–046.
Johan, Z. J., Hussain, M. Z., Mohd, R., & Kamaruddin, B. H. (2020). Muslims and non-Muslims intention to hold Shariah-compliant credit cards: a SmartPLS approach. Journal of Islamic Marketing, ahead-of-p(ahead-of-print). https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-12-2019-0270
Kayanda, A., Busagala, L., & Tedre, M. (2020). User Perceptions on the Use of Academic Information Systems for Decision Making Support in the Context of Tanzanian Higher Education. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology, 16(1), 72–87.
Kiwanuka, A. (2015). Acceptance Process : The Missing Link between UTAUT and Diffusion of Innovation Theory. American Journal of Information Systems, 3(2), 40–44. https://doi.org/10.12691/ajis-3-2-3
Kline, R. B. (2016). Principles and practices of structural equation modelling. In The Guilford Press (Fourth Edi). A Division of Guilford Publications, Inc.
Kozma, R. B. (2011). The Technological, Economic, and Social Contexts for Educational ICT Policy. In UNESCO (Ed.), Transforming education: The power of ICT policies (pp. 3–18). UNESCO. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000211842
Kozma, R. B., Isaacs, S., & Unesco. (2011). Transforming education : the power of ICT policies.
Law, N., Lee, Y., & Chow, A. (2002). Practice characteristics that lead to 21st century learning outcomes. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 18(4), 415–426. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0266-4909.2002.00253.doc.x
Lwoga, E. T., & Komba, M. (2014). Understanding University students’ behavioural continued intentions to use e- learning in Tanzania. Proceedings and Report of the 7th UbuntuNet Alliance Annual Conference, 167–188. https://repository.ubuntunet.net/bitstream/handle/10.20374/152/lwogae.pdf?sequence=1
Lwoga, E. T., & Komba, M. (2015). Antecedents of continued usage intentions of web-based learning management system in Tanzania. Education and Training, 57(7), 738–756. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-02-2014-0014
Macedo, I. M. (2017). Predicting the acceptance and use of information and communication technology by older adults: An empirical examination of the revised UTAUT2. Computers in Human Behavior, 75, 935–948. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.06.013
Mafé, C. R., Blas, S. S., & Tavera-Mesías, J. F. (2010). A comparative study of mobile messaging services acceptance to participate in television programmes. Journal of Service Management, 21(1), 69–102. https://doi.org/10.1108/09564231011025128
Mokhlis, S. (2008). Consumer Religiosity and the Importance of Store Attributes. The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, 4(2), 122–133.
Mokhlis, S. (2009). Relevancy and Measurement of Religiosity in Consumer Behavior Research. International Business Research, 2(3), 75–84. https://doi.org/10.5539/ibr.v2n3p75
Moore, G. C., & Benbasat, I. (1991). Development of an instrument to measure the perceptions of adopting an information technology innovation. Information Systems Research, 2(3), 192–222. https://doi.org/10.1287/isre.2.3.192
Mtebe, J. S., Mbwilo, B., & Kissaka, M. M. (2016). Factors influencing teachers’ use of multimedia enhanced content in secondary schools in Tanzania. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 17(2), 65–84. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v17i2.2280
Mtebe, J. S., & Raisamo, R. (2014). Investigating students’ behavioural intention to adopt and use mobile learning in higher education in East Africa. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 10(3), 4–20. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1059061.pdf
Muries, B., & Masele, J. J. (2017). Explaining Electronic Learning Management Systems (ELMS) Continued Usage Intentions among Facilitators in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Tanzania. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology, 13(1), 123–141.
Mwalongo, A. (2011). Teachers ’ perceptions about ICT for teaching , professional development , administration and personal use Alcuin Mwalongo Dar es Salaam University College of Education , Tanzania. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology, 7(3), 36–49.
Mwantimwa, K., Mwabungulu, E., & Kassim, M. (2021). Academic Staff and Researchers ’ Use of Electronic Resources in Tanzania : A Comparative Study. International Journal of Education and Development Using ICT, 17(2), 55–75.
Ngeze, L. V. (2017). ICT Integration in Teaching and Learning in Secondary Schools in Tanzania: Readiness and Way Forward. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 7(6), 424–427. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2017.7.6.905
Oshlyansky, L., Cairns, P., & Thimbleby, H. (2007). Validating the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) tool cross-culturally. People and Computers XXI HCI.But Not as We Know It – Proceedings of HCI 2007: The 21st British HCI Group Annual Conference, 2(September). https://doi.org/10.14236/ewic/hci2007.67
Park, J., & Niyozov, S. (2008). Madrasa education in South Asia and Southeast Asia: Current issues and debates. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 28(4), 323–351. https://doi.org/10.1080/02188790802475372
Rehman, M. (2014). Reforms in Pakistani Madrasas : Voices from Within. In C. Tan (Ed.), Reforms in Islamic Education : International Perspectives (1st ed., pp. 97–116). Bloomsbury Academic. http://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/reforms-in-islamic-education-international-perspectives/ch5-reforms-in-pakistani-madrasas/
Revell, L. (2010). Religious education, conflict and diversity: An exploration of young children’s perceptions of Islam. Educational Studies, 36(2), 207–215. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055690903162390
Ribadu, M. B., Rahman, W. N. W. A. B., Ghani, A. A. A., Kamaruddin, A., & Othman, M. S. (2020). Sharia compliance requirements framework for e-commerce systems: An exploratory study. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 98(6), 994–1008.
Ribadu, M. B., & Wan Ab. Rahman, W. N. (2019). An integrated approach towards Sharia compliance E-commerce trust. Applied Computing and Informatics, 15(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aci.2017.09.002
Ringle, C. M., Wende, S., & Becker, J.-M. (2015). SmartPLS 3. SmartPLS GmbH. www.smartpls.com
Rosen, P. A. (2005). The Effect of Personal Innovativeness on Technology Acceptance and Use. In Oklahoma State University. Oklahoma State University.
Rozmi, A. N. A., Bakar, M. I. A., Abdul Hadi, A. R., & Imran Nordin, A. (2019). Investigating the Intentions to Adopt ICT in Malaysian SMEs Using the UTAUT Model. In Advances in Visual Informatics. IVIC 2019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics): Vol. 11870 LNCS (pp. 477–487). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-34032-2_42
Ruzegea, M. A., & Msonde, S. E. (2021). University Students ’ E -Resource Usage : Predictors , Problems and Practical Implications Mboni
Ruzegea & Sydney Msonde. International Journal of Education and Development Using ICT, 17(2), 104–119.
Sabic-El-Rayess, A. (2020). Epistemological shifts in knowledge and education in Islam: A new perspective on the emergence of radicalization amongst Muslims. International Journal of Educational Development, 73(November 2019), 102148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2019.102148
Saleh, A.-H. A. I., Ibrahim, A. A., Noordin, M. F., & Mohadis, H. M. (2020). Factors Influencing Adoption of Cryptocurrency-Based Transaction from an Islamic Perspective. Global Journal of Computer Science and Technology, 20(4).
Salloum, S. A., & Shaalan, K. (2019). Factors Affecting Students’ Acceptance of E-Learning System in Higher Education Using UTAUT and Structural Equation Modeling Approaches. In Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (Vol. 845). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99010-1_43
Smith, A. (GSMA). (2018). Triggering mobile internet use in Côte d’Ivoire and Tanzania. https://www.gsma.com/mobilefordevelopment/resources/triggering-mobile-internet-use-in-cote-divoire-and-tanzania/
Stork, C., Calandro, E., & Gillwald, A. (2013). Internet going mobile: Internet access and use in 11 African countries. Info, 15(5), 34–51. https://doi.org/10.1108/info-05-2013-0026
Svensson, J. (2018). Islamic Education in East Africa. In Handbook of Islamic Education (pp. 651–671). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64683-1_39
Taiwo, A. A., & Downe, A. G. (2013). The theory of user acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT): A meta-analytic review of empirical findings. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 49(1), 48–58.
Tan, C. (2014). Reforms in Islamic Education International Perspectives. In Bloomsbury Academic. Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781472593252
Tan, G. W.-H., Ooi, K.-B., Leong, L.-Y., & Lin, B. (2014). Predicting the drivers of behavioral intention to use mobile learning: A hybrid SEM-Neural Networks approach. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 198–213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.03.052
Thobani, S. (2007). The Dilemma of Islam as School Knowledge in Muslim Education. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 27(1), 11–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/02188790601145382
URT. (2010). Education Sector Development Programme(2010-15). In The United Republic of Tanzania (Issue 6). http://planipolis.iiep.unesco.org/upload/Tanzania UR/Tanzania-ESDP-2008-2017.pdf
Venkatesh, V., & Davis, F. D. (2000). Theoretical extension of the Technology Acceptance Model: Four longitudinal field studies. Management Science, 46(2), 186–204. https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.18.104.22.16826
Venkatesh, V., Morris, M. G., Davis, G. B., & Davis, F. D. (2003). User acceptance of information technology: Toward a unified view. MIS Quarterly: Management Information Systems, 27(3), 425–478. https://doi.org/10.2307/30036540
Venkatesh, V., & Zhang, X. (2010). Unified theory of acceptance and use of technology: U.S. vs. China. Journal of Global Information Technology Management, 13(1), 5–27. https://doi.org/10.1080/1097198X.2010.10856507
Wilson, M., Scalise, K., & Gochyyev, P. (2015). Rethinking ICT literacy: From computer skills to social network settings. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 18, 65–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2015.05.001
Yi, M. Y., Fiedler, K. D., & Park, J. S. (2006). Understanding the Role of Individual Innovativeness in the Acceptance … Decision Sciences, 37(3), 393–426.
International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies
ISSN 2520-0968 (Online), ISSN 2409-1294 (Print), September 2021, Vol.8, No.3