Samuel Olorunfemi Adams1 & Rachel Uchenna Onwadi2
1Department of Educational Foundation, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
2Functional English Department, Govt. College for Women, Cluster University, Srinagar, India
Abstract: This paper examined the impact of Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) and Field Trip Instruction (FTI) on the educating and learning of fundamental science and innovation in upper basic education (Junior Secondary School 1-3). The study employed quasi-experimental design, which is the pre and post-test for control and experimental group design performed at three selected public schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja. Three research questions and hypotheses guided the study. Two hundred ten (210) junior secondary students (JSS) were randomly selected by a simple ballot method from three secondary schools in Gwagwalada area council of Abuja. A 50 – item questions test called Basic Technology Performance Test (BTPT) developed by the researcher was employed to gather information for the investigation. Scores generated from pre-test and post-test were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMCC), and the test had a reliability of 0.92. The paired sample and independent-sample t-test were used to analyze the data through the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 25. The result showed that the use of Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) has a better effect on students’ achievement in basic science and technology. It was additionally uncovered from the outcome that there was a significant difference between pre- and post-lesson assessments. Recommendations were made to the teachers that they should always apply Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) materials for effective lesson delivery.
Keywords: Basic Technology Performance Test (BTPT), Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI), Field Trip Instruction (FTI), quasi experimental design, Pre-test, Post-test
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International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies
ISSN 2520-0968 (Online), ISSN 2409-1294 (Print), December 2020, Vol.7, No.4
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