Bello Yekeen1 & Adeniyi-Egbeola Folakemi Oyeniyi2 & Fakunle Oiza Rabiat3
1Department of Arts Education, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria
2Department of Arts Education, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin Kwara State, Nigeria
3Summit University, Offa Kwara State, Nigeria
Abstract: The thrust of this paper is to find out how literate and illiterate drivers are able to identify and act accordingly to unworded traffic sings on Nigerian roads. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select 20 private (seemed literate) drivers and 20 commercials (believed to be illiterate) drivers at Jabi lorry park, Abuja, Nigeria. 20–item–road traffic signs with no inscriptions were used as instrument for the respondents to orally state what those signs stand for when found on high ways. The instrument was given to two road safety personnel (FRSC) and two vehicle inspection officers (VIO) upon whose advice the final draft of the instrument was done and administered. The reliability index was determined via test re-test method using Pearson r statistics at 0.05 level of significance, thus producing 0.79 reliability index. The data collected were analysed using Mean and Standard deviation statistics for research questions 1 and 2, while Pearson r was used to test the 2 null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Results of the findings indicated that the Mean score of 78.68 and Standard deviation of 1.38 by the literate drivers was very high, and the Mean score of 99.89 and Standard deviation of 0.99 by the illiterate drivers was also high, but higher than that of literate drivers. The calculated r value of 6.153 is greater than the critical r value of .711 thus, rejecting the null about relationship between literacy and identification of road signs. The findings also revealed that inability to read and write was no barrier to identifying road signs by illiterate drivers as the calculated r value of 6.153 is greater than the critical r value of 0.011 thus, rejecting the hypothesis. Based on the findings, it was concluded that being educated should not be seen that one will automatically be able to identify, describe and state how and what some road signs stand for, and also one’s inability to read and write is not an impediment to being able to identify, describe and understand how and what a symbol stands for, this could be probably be due to many years of driving experience on most major roads in Nigeria by the illiterate drivers. It is therefore recommended that Diver Licensing Unit of the Nigerian Road Safety should thoroughly interview and drive-test any-would-be driver’s license applicants in that education is important though, it must not be assumed that all educated driver’s license applicants are conversant with all road traffic signs.
Keywords: Language, Semiotics, Safety on Nigerian Roads, Road Signs and Pidgin English
Published: August 3, 2022
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International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies
ISSN 2520-0968 (Online), ISSN 2409-1294 (Print), September 2022, Vol.9, No.3